Notes on the data: Indigenous status by age
Aboriginal population as a percentage of the total Australian population: total (2016 estimated resident population) and by 5-year age group: 0-4 years to 65+ years (2016 usual resident population)
Policy context: The proportions of the population identifying as Aboriginal in the 2016 Census vary greatly by location, from 25.5% in the Northern Territory to 0.8% in Victoria. Aboriginal people represent the largest proportion of the populations in Greater Darwin (8.7%) and in the remainder of the Northern Territory (51.0%). The next largest proportions were in Queensland, with 6.4% outside of the major urban centres of Brisbane, Gold Coast and Townsville; and 6.2% outside of the major urban centres in New South Wales (Greater Sydney, Illawarra, and Newcastle and Lake Macquarie) .
However, the largest numbers of people identifying as Aboriginal in the 2016 Census were in New South Wales (216,176, with 92,400 in Greater Sydney, Illawarra, and Newcastle and Lake Macquarie and 122,924 in the remainder of New South Wales); and in Queensland (186,482, with 81,667 in Greater Brisbane, Gold Coast and Townsville, and 104,011 in the remainder of Queensland). The populations in Darwin and in the remainder of the Northern Territory were 11,960 and 45,590, respectively .
- Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census community profiles, Canberra: ABS; 2017, accessed 8 August 2017. Available from: www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/communityprofile/
Notes: The numerator excludes the 6.0% of the population who did not provide their Indigenous status: however, these records are included in the denominator.
Note that percentages may be more than 100% due to the ABS' randomisation of both the numerator and denominator for confidentiality purposes.
Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintiles and Remoteness Areas (also available by Indigenous Area in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Health Atlas)
Numerator: Aboriginal estimated resident population (ERP), all ages and Aboriginal usual resident population (URP) by 5-year age group: 0-4 years to 65+ years
Denominator: Total population by all ages (ERP) and by 5-year age group: 0-4 years to 65+ years (URP)
Detail of analysis: Total Aboriginal population as a percentage of the total population and Aboriginal population in 5-year age groups as a percentage of the total population
Source: Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, June 2016 and the ABS Census of Population and Housing, August 2016