Notes on the data: Premature mortality by selected cause - 0 to 74 years
Deaths from road traffic injuries, persons aged 0 to 74 years, 2013 to 2017
Policy context: Road trauma is a significant contributor to the high rates of death from injury . Every day, on average, three people die on Australian roads and a further 90 are seriously injured – two permanently . Although deaths on Australian roads have decreased over the past decade, there has been slow progress in reducing the number of injuries. The number of deaths from road traffic crashes per 100,000 persons fell from 6.8 in 2009 to 6.1 in 2010 and to 4.98 in 2017 . In 1970, the rate was 30.4 .
Australian road safety campaigns are working towards further reductions in deaths and in the severity of injuries. Improvements in vehicle design and in traffic flow and road construction also contribute to reducing the road toll.
The data show that for 2013 to 2017, 86.2% of all deaths from road traffic injuries were premature – 88.9% for males and 79.2% for females: details here.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Year Book 2012. (ABS Cat. no. 1301.0). Canberra: ABS; 2012.
- Road Safety – 2018. Australian Medical Association. Available from: https://ama.com.au/position-statement/road-safety-2018; last accessed 25 October 2019.
- Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE), 2018, Road trauma. Australia 2017 statistical summary, BITRE, Canberra ACT.
Notes: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes: V00-V06., V09.2, V09.3, V10-V18.[4,5,9], V19.[4,5,6,9], V20-V28.[4,5,9], V29.[ 4,5,6,9], V30-V38. [5,6,7,9], V39.[4,5,6,9], V40-V48[5,6,7,9], V49[4,5,6,9], V50-V48.[5,6,7,9], V59.[4,5,6,9], V60-V68.[5,6,7,9], V69.[4,5,6,9], V70-V78.[5,6,7,9], V79.[4,5,6,9], V81.1, V82.1, V82.9, V83-V86.[0,1,2,3], V87, V89.2, V89.3
For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year's data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.
Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area
Numerator: Deaths from road traffic injuries at ages 0 to 74 years
Denominator: Population aged 0 to 74 years
Detail of analysis: Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 population (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.
Source: Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2013 to 2017 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2013 to 30 June 2017.