Notes on the data: Premature mortality by sex - 0 to 74 years

Deaths of females aged 0 to 74 years, 2013 to 2017

 

Policy context:  Deaths before 75 years of age are classified as ‘premature’. The upper age limit reflects current life expectancy of around 83 years in OECD countries [1]. Australian females who were born during the period 2015-2017 had a life expectancy of 84.6 years, while at 75 years of age they could expect to live an average of an additional 14.1 years [2].

Some 26.6% of all female deaths over the years 2013 to 2017 occurred before 75 years of age. This was less than two thirds of the proportion of male deaths occurring prematurely; note that the rate of premature deaths for females was also less than two thirds of the rate for males. As for males the highest proportions were recorded for suicide (92.7%) and road traffic accidents (79.2%), and the lowest for cerebrovascular disease (16.6%) [3]. Also of note is the relatively high proportion for breast cancer (59.4%) [3]. Further details are here.

Females most likely to die prematurely included Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander females; single mothers; those earning low incomes; and those who were unemployed [4].

References

  1. OECD Data, Life Expectancy at birth. Available from: https://data.oecd.org/healthstat/life-expectancy-at-birth.htm
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 3302.0.55.001 - Life Tables, States, Territories and Australia, 2015-2017. Canberra: ABS; 2018. Available from:https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3302.0.55.0012015-2017?OpenDocument
  3. PHIDU, based on Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System; 2013 to 2017.
  4. Glover J, Harris K, Tennant S. A social health atlas of Australia [second edition] - volume 1: Australia. Adelaide: PHIDU, The University of Adelaide; 1999.
 

Notes:  For deaths data released since 2007, the ABS has applied a staged approach to the coding of cause of death which affects the number of records available for release at any date. In each release, the latest year’s data is preliminary, the second latest is revised and the data for the remaining years is final. For further information about the ABS revisions process see the following and related sites: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/3303.0Explanatory+Notes12012.

 

Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage of area and Remoteness Area

Numerator:  Deaths of females aged 0 to 74 years

 

Denominator:  Female population aged 0 to 74 years

 

Detail of analysis:  Average annual indirectly age-standardised rate per 100,000 females (aged 0 to 74 years); and/or indirectly age-standardised ratio, based on the Australian standard.

 

Source:  Data compiled by PHIDU from deaths data based on the 2013 to 2017 Cause of Death Unit Record Files supplied by the Australian Coordinating Registry and the Victorian Department of Justice, on behalf of the Registries of Births, Deaths and Marriages and the National Coronial Information System. The population is the ABS Estimated Resident Population (ERP) for Australia, 30 June 2013 to 30 June 2017.

 

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