Notes on the data: Age distribution
Male/female/total population by sex and 5-year age group: 0-4 years to 65+ years; and broad age group: 0-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, 65+, 70+, 85+ years (Remoteness Areas: broad age groups only)
Policy context: In the 2016 Census, the usual resident population (URP), as reported under this indicator, was 21, 507,719, an increase of 50.0% over the 30 years since 1986 . After removing overseas visitors, adding in the number of Australian residents temporarily overseas and adjusting for Census undercount and over count, the Australian Bureau of Statistics have released an estimated resident population for 2017 of 24,598,933 people, of whom 12,393,575 (50.4%) were female .
The 30 to 34 year age group had the largest proportion of the URP in any five-year age group in 2016, at 7.9%, 7.1% in the 25 to 29 year age group . In 2016, those aged under 15 years represented 18.5% of the population, with 15.7% aged 65 years and over: in 1986, the comparable figures were 23.0% and 10.6%. The figures for the 2017 ERP was somewhat similar with the 30 to 34 year age group and 25-29 year age group each comprising 7.5% of the ERP. Those aged under 15 years represented 19% of the population with 17.7% in the 65 years and over age group.References
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Australian Demographic Statistics. (ABS Cat. no. 3101.0). Canberra: ABS; 2017, accessed 8 August 2017. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3101.0Dec%202016?OpenDocument
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Regional Population Growth. (ABS Cat. no. 3218.0). Canberra: ABS; 2018, accessed 15 November 2018. Available from: http://http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
- ABS. 2016 Census Community Profiles. Canberra: ABS; 2017 Mar, accessed 8 August 2017. Available from: http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/communityprofile/036?opendocument
Notes: The estimated resident population (ERP) is derived by applying the following adjustments to the usual residence Census counts:
- removing overseas visitors who were in Australia on Census night from the Census counts;
- adjusting the Census counts for undercounting using results of the Post Enumeration Survey;
- including Australian residents who were temporarily absent overseas on Census night; and
- backcasting the resulting estimates which relate to the earlier 9 August 2011 to 30 June 2016 using births, deaths and migration data.
Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network and Remoteness Areas
Numerator: Male, female and total estimated resident population in 2018 by 5-year age group: 0-4 years to 65+ years and/or broad age group: 0-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, 65+, 70+, 85+ years
Denominator: Total males, females or persons, estimated resident population in 2018
Detail of analysis: Per cent
Source: Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.