Notes on the data: Birthplace & Non-English speaking residents
People born in predominantly non-English speaking countries resident in Australia for less than five years, 2016
Policy context: People born in predominantly non-English speaking countries and who have been in Australia for less than five years can face a number of difficulties. For many who arrive without proficiency in English, the combination of economic struggle with adjustment to a new language and a new cultural milieu can be expected to give rise to considerable stresses. Although a relatively small group, they also pose special challenges for deliverers of health, welfare and other community services . This community is also not a homogeneous group, even though there are common experiences including those relating to migration and dislocation. There is great diversity in language, culture, religion, socioeconomic status, education and age structure .
Reflecting this trend, the most rapidly growing non-English speaking groups are now from Asia, with their proportion in the population increasing from 24% of the overseas-born population in 2001, to 32.9% in 2011 and to 39.7% in 2016 .
- Australian Institute of Health & Welfare (AIHW). Australia's welfare, 2011. (AIHW Cat. no. AUS 142). Canberra: AIHW; 2011.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Cultural diversity in Australia - Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012-2013. (ABS Cat. no. 2071.0). Canberra: ABS; 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Cultural diversity in Australia - Reflecting Australia: Stories from the Census, 2016. (ABS Cat. no. 2071.0). Canberra: ABS; 2017 [accessed 10 August 2017]. Available from: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/2071.0~2016~Main%20Features~Cultural%20Diversity%20Article~60
Notes: The data comprise people born in predominantly non-English speaking countries arriving from 2012 to 2016. The year 2016 is the period 1 January 2016 to 9 August 2016 (Census Night), therefore, the data presented represent a total time of approximately 4 years and 7 months.
'Predominantly non-English speaking countries' comprise all but the following overseas countries, designated as 'English speaking': Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa, United Kingdom and the United States of America.
The numerator excludes the 6.9% of the population (this percentage varies across States/Territories) who did not provide their country of birth, as well as the 3.4% of the population born overseas who did not state their year of arrival: however, these records are included in the denominator.
Geography: Data available by Population Health Area, Local Government Area, Primary Health Network, Quintiles and Remoteness Areas
Numerator: People born in predominantly non-English speaking countries, and resident in Australia for less than five years
Denominator: Total population
Detail of analysis: Percent
Source: Compiled by PHIDU based on the ABS Census of Population and Housing, August 2016.